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An estimated 18.2 million Americans live with the condition called diabetes, and the vast majority of Americans with diabetes are over 20 years of age. It is alarming that diabetes is the seventh leading cause of deaths in the U.S. which makes it necessary to be aware of its seriousness.

Diabetes is a chronic disorder of glucose (sugar) metabolism caused by inadequate production or use of insulin, a hormone produced in specialized cells in the pancreas that allows the body to use and store glucose. Simply put, diabetes is a result of too much of glucose (sugar) in the blood, which indicates that your body does not have enough insulin for the conversion of food into energy which would have been used for the performance of normal body activities. A diabetic is a person who suffers from diabetes.

Mainly, there are 3 types of diabetes as given below: * Type 1 * Type 2 * Gestational Diabetes

To understand more on this chronic disease, lets cover some important frequently asked questions:

1. What are the causes of diabetes in a patient? Diabetes is caused by the lack of insulin in the blood. As a result, the build up of sugar occurs in the bloodstream.

Diabetes is also strongly determined by the occurrence of the following:

* Obesity * Old age * Overweight * Lack of exercise * Sedentary lifestyle * Certain types of pregnancy * Any disease which damages the pancreas * Availability of insulin is insufficient * Bacteria or virus infections * Emotional stress * Chain smokers

2. What symptoms are reflected by a diabetic patient?

Here are some obvious symptoms:

* Copious and frequent urination * Excessive hunger and thirst * Infections of skin * Fatigue and drowsiness * Rapid weight gain and weight loss * Paraesthesia in the feet or hands * Blurry visual vision * Slow healing * Loss of hairs on legs * Dry or itching skin

3. What precaution should be taken by diabetic patient?

Here are the precautions that every diabetic patient should do:

* Visit a medical practitioner for a general physical check up every year * Visit a dentist twice a year * Update vaccinations * Visit an eye specialist annually * Proper care of the feet * Avoid smoking * Aspirin should be taken based on doctors advice * Blood sugar should be monitored * Manage stress * Monitor blood pressure

4. What are the ways in which diabetes is controlled?

These are the methods to help control and manage diabetes:

* Regular monitoring of blood pressure * Healthy diet * Proper exercises * Proper medications by the doctor * Use of insulin pumps and pens * Daily multiple of injections

There is currently no cure for diabetes. Diet, exercise, and careful monitoring of blood glucose levels are the tools to manage diabetes so that patients can live a relatively normal life.

By following the proper medication and precautions prescribed by the doctor, diabetics can lead a healthy life.