Diabetic patients are those people who suffer from a chronic disease called diabetes which is a chronic disease in which the body does not produce or properly use insulin. Diet and moderate exercise comprise the paramount treatment for diabetic patients. They should take care of their diabetes for ensuring a long life.
Lets call this as diabetic care because visiting the doctor for a regular check up of the eyes and teeth, overall body parts and maintaining healthy habits are a part of the recommended strategy to minimize the complications associated with diabetes.
Diabetic care is essential because diabetes can become a life threatening condition if it is not monitored and managed properly.
Starting with the blood sugar to checking the feet on a daily basis, here are some of the other points to consider as part of diabetic care:
1. Visit a medical practitioner for a general physical check up every year: With regular medical checkups, you will be able to monitor as to whether all your body parts such as eyes, ears, kidney, nose and heart function properly.
2. Annual visit to an eye specialist: Opt for an annual eye check up regularly. Diabetes can affect the eyes and vision in a number of ways. It may lead to frequent fluctuations in vision, cataract in young age, decreased vision due to involvement of optic nerve, temporary paralysis of the muscles controlling the movement of eyes and thus double vision. The most significant complication of diabetes in eye is diabetic retinopathy which is a fatal condition that eventually leads to total blindness.
3. Visit your dentist twice a year: Your immune system gets impaired with high level of blood sugar, which limits your ability to fight viruses and bacteria which causes infection. As your mouth is full of bacteria, it can give your gums a common occurrence of infection. People with diabetes can have tooth and gum problems more often if their blood glucose stays high. High blood glucose can make tooth and gum problems worse. You can even lose your teeth so this must be treated at once.
4. Update vaccinations: One should be updated in their vital vaccination. This helps in preventing any further complications of a serious nature.
5. Take proper care of your feet. Check your feet every day for cuts, blisters, sores, swelling, redness, or sore toenails. Remember to wear socks so that you dont get cuts or blisters. During your check up, Ask your doctor to check how well blood is flowing to your legs and feet. Ask your doctor to also check how well the nerves in your feet sense feeling.
7. Your arteries can be blocked or get narrowed due to diabetes. This results in reduction of blood flow to your feet. A sore hidden under your shoes or an unnoticed cut can fast become a large problem.
8. Quit smoking: Diabetic people are advised not to smoke because smoking increases the blood sugar levels, increases risk of cardiovascular diseases, raises cholesterol levels and constricts blood vessels. All these are fatal to diabetics.
The risk of a kidney disease and getting your nerves damaged also increases with smoking. The immune system gets impaired. This makes you more allergic to respiratory infections and colds.
9. Aspirin should be taken daily: Daily use of aspirin by diabetes people helps to reduce the risk of heart attack. In fact, the American Diabetes Association (ADA) recommended the use of aspirin. Consult with your doctor to be sure that aspirin is safe for you and what quantity you should take.
10. Blood pressure should be monitored: Your blood vessels can get damaged due to high blood pressure and diabetes. The combination of these two can lead to heart attack, other life-threatening conditions or stroke.
11.Blood sugar should be monitored. To prevent long-term complications, always manage your blood sugar. You will reduce the risk of damage to the kidney, eyes, blood vessels and nerves by monitoring your level of blood sugar.
12. Managing your stress: Stress increases the production hormones that block the effect of insulin in your body. This, in turn, causes increase in blood sugar. It is also detrimental because stress leads to depression.
These useful details relating to diabetes would propel you to take diabetic care seriously. To minimize and control diabetes, it is important to ensure diabetic care is done regularly in a proper way.