Diabetic people should be regular about testing their blood glucose as it helps in controlling and also helps in preventing the long term complications. It also helps in reducing the serious complications as well.
To understand more on diabetes testing, lets cover some frequently asked questions on this topic:
1. Why is regular testing necessary?
Diabetes is suspected because of its symptoms. Urine tests and blood tests can be used to confirm a diagnosis of diabetes based on the amount of glucose in the urine and blood. Urine tests also can detect ketones and protein in the urine which may help diagnose diabetes and assess how well the kidneys are functioning. Other regular tests also can be used to monitor the disease once the patient is under treatment.
Regular testing also shows that how the changes in exercise, diet, weight or medications can have a positive influence on the level of diabetes in a patient. Keeping a regular track of blood glucose levels helps in controlling the complications of diabetes.
2. Why is diabetes testing important for the patients?
Regular observation of blood sugar levels provides the important information as to whether sugar level is in the normal range or not.
Type 1 and Type 2 diabetic people can check their blood sugar by using thumb prick blood tests by themselves as it is available in their home kits. For long term health, self monitoring is important.
3. What are some of the routine diabetes tests that are followed?
Some of the routine diabetes tests which are followed are:
* Thumb prick blood tests for recording the blood glucose level. * Frequent self testing. * HbA1c laboratory test * Urine test for the monitor of kidney function * Regular blood pressure check up * Examining feet * Eye testing on an annual basis
Usual diabetes tests used for diagnosis
The following comprise the usual diabetes tests used for diagnosis:
Fasting plasma glucose test : This test helps in measuring the glucose with 8 hours of minimum gap without eating or best when it is done on an empty stomach in the morning. This test helps in detecting the pre-diabetes or diabetes.
The categories which mark danger and normal are provided accordingly:
* 99 mg/dL and below are normal or not diabetic * 100 mg/dL to 125 mg/dL are pre diabetic * 126 mg/dL and above are diabetic.
Oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) This is a test that is done to measure the blood glucose level. It is usually used to test for diabetes, insulin resistance and sometimes reactive hypoglycemia.
Random plasma glucose test: The random plasma glucose test measures plasma, or blood, glucose levels. It is performed with a small blood draw taken at any time of the day. That is why it is christened as random. This is mainly used as a kind of screening test when a patient had food or drink. The test is taken by drawing blood from the patient and sending to the lab for an analysis. A random plasma glucose test that is under 200 mg/dl (11.1 mmol/l) is considered normal.
Other types of diabetes test is the HbA1c or the glycosylated hemoglobin test: This test basically shows the average level of blood sugar over a time. HbA1c test shows the average blood sugar for the past several months quite accurately.
Those diabetic patients who are taking injections of insulin must do self testing 3-4 times everyday, especially when going to bed. For diabetic patients Type 2, self testing is required sometime every week. Checking the glucose level in the morning, after and before having a meal is best for the diabetic patients.
Research has proved that good control of diabetes is the best way to prevent complications of the disease, so always keep constant and continuous track through the aforementioned tests. With these informative guidelines to help you understand diabetes testing, start regular tests so that you can control your condition of diabetes accordingly and live a good, healthy life.