Diabetes is a severe and chronic condition that requires to be constantly monitored. With an astonishing number of over 150 million people who are affected by diabetes, this is a seriously alarming situation to be wary of.
To understand more about diabetes, lets cover some frequently asked questions on the topic:
1. What is diabetes? Diabetes is a chronic disorder that affects the way your body uses food for energy. Normally, the sugar you consume is digested and broken down to a simple sugar, known as glucose. The glucose then circulates in your blood where it waits to enter cells to be used as fuel. Insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas, helps move the glucose into cells. A healthy pancreas adjusts the amount of insulin based on the level of glucose. For a diabetic person, the normal process breaks down, and blood sugar levels become too high. If left untreated, it can be critical.
2. Who gets diabetes? Diabetes can occur to anyone. However, people whose parents or close family members are diabetic, tend to be somewhat more likely to develop it. Other risk factors include obesity, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, and physical inactivity. Also, some women develop diabetes while pregnant (a condition called gestational diabetes) which is likely to develop into a full-blown condition of diabetes later in life.
3. How many types of diabetes are prevalent?
Basically, there are 3 types of diabetes, namely: *Type 1 *Type 2 *Gestational Diabetes
Lets discuss each type briefly.
Diabetes Type 1: It occurs during childhood when insulin is not produced by the pancreas as cells are destroyed by the body which helps in producing the insulin. Thus, the diabetic patients require insulin injections regularly.
Diabetes Type 2: It is also better known as non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus and it occurs mainly during adulthood. In such cases, insulin is not produced in adequate quantities or it doesn’t affect the body cells.
Gestational diabetes: This condition is estimated to affect nearly 4% of all pregnant women. It usually appears during the second trimester and disappears after the birth of a baby. What makes this a worrisome condition is that any complication affects the pregnant woman and her baby.
4. Which is a more frequent type of diabetes?
Diabetes Type 2 is more frequent then Type 1. The National Institutes of Health state in the U.S. recorded that 95% of all diabetes cases are Type 2. This is because Type 2 is triggered by obesity, a lack of exercise, increased age and to some degree, the sedentary lifestyle pattern that most of people currently follow.
5. Is there a permanent cure for diabetes?
There is currently no cure for diabetes. Diet, exercise, and careful monitoring of blood glucose levels are the only recommended ways to manage diabetes so that patients can live a relatively normal life.
It is always recommended to maintain a proper medical record so that proper treatment is given in the emergency situations. As all the medicines are not congenial with each other, it is necessary to have the total history of knowledge of a patient in order to make the treatment easier for other diseases also.
With these guidelines, you would feel more confident about your understanding of information on diabetes.